Daily News Indonesia – HDI is a statistical tool used to measure a country’s overall achievement in its social and economic dimensions. The social and economic dimensions of a country are based on the health of people, their level of education attainment and their standard of living.
Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq created HDI in 1990 which is now used to measure the country’s development by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).
The HDI was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. Through HDI, we can also question national policy choices, asking how two countries with the same level of GNI per capita can end up with different human development outcomes.
The HDI simplifies and captures only part of what human development entails. It does not reflect on inequalities, poverty, human security, empowerment, etc. The HDRO offers the other composite indices as a broader proxy on some of the key issues of human development, inequality, gender disparity and poverty.
BPS 2021 Report
In the latest report from the DKI Jakarta Central Statistics Agency (BPS), the Human Development Index (HDI) in the area reached 81.11 or grew 0.42 percent compared to 2020 at 80.77.
Quoting Antara, the Coordinator of the Regional Balance Sheet and Statistical Analysis of the DKI Jakarta BPS, Suryani Widarta, said that there are four categories of HDI. He explained that scores less than 60 are in the low category, 60-70 are in the medium category, scores of 70-80 are high and above 80 the HDI category is very high.
Thus, DKI Jakarta’s HDI in 2021 is in the very high category, he explained.
There are three dimensions to measure the HDI calculation, namely longevity and a healthy life, knowledge, and a decent standard of living.
Mr. Suryani explained that the high HDI value of DKI Jakarta is inseparable from the influence of supporting components, such as life expectancy at birth reaching 73.01 years in 2021 or growing 0.14 percent compared to the previous year reaching 72.91 years.
In addition to life expectancy, the high HDI is also influenced by the expectation of an average length of schooling of 11.17 years or growing 0.69 percent from last year’s 11.13 years.
Meanwhile, the average length of schooling in Jakarta reached 13.07 years or grew 0.36 percent from the previous year’s 12.98 years. Then, the adjusted per capita expenditure per year reached Rp. 18.52 million or grew 1.61 percent from 2020 to Rp. 18.23 million.
The increase in HDI in Jakarta made it in the first position and higher than Indonesia’s HDI which reached 72.29.
Equivalent to developed countries
The level of HDI is used to assess whether a country can be categorized as a developed country, a developing country or an underdeveloped country.
An HDI value that is between 70-100, it can be categorized as a developed country. The score is 60-70 in the category of developing countries and less than 60 in the category of underdeveloped countries.
If DKI Jakarta were a country, it could be categorized as a developed country based on the HDI value which reaches 81.11.
Congratulations Mr. Governor. City advances, people prospers! (kba)Adara